Umar Kabanda, Anneth Eliahu Johnathan, CLIMATE CHANGE WITH RESULTING KEY ISSUES OF MIGRATION AND CONFLICT: HOW THIS RETARDS INTEGRATION FOR AFRICAN UNITY, ASIO Journal of Humanities, Management & Social Sciences Invention (ASIO-JHMSSI), 2018, 4(2): 28-38.
ARTICLE TYPE: Research Article
DOI Link :: http://doi-ds.org/doilink/10.2016-14781119/;
Climate change manifest in various forms and among these include; the decrease or increase in rains, winds and temperatures on the earth. Due to the porousness and damage made on the ozone layer as an effect caused by gas emissions from manly activities, this allows the sun rays to strike directly to the earth. These effects as a result affect human settlement and relations differently. Therefore to best understand how climate change would retard the integration of African unity, focus in this paper is put on examining and presenting the effect of climate change as a cause to conflict and migration in Africa. Efforts are made in the paper to illustrate the varying contextual effects of climate change in Africa. A link of immigration and conflict is established in relation to climate change and how they both retard integration of African Unity. For scientificity of this study to achieve the established interest of the study, the research question of How Climate Change cause conflict and increase migration to retard integration of African Unity?, was followed to guide the whole write-up. Theoretically, Neo-functionalism theory was contextualized in the study to illustrate the possibility of promoting African Unity as well as contribute to the integration process than retard it due to climate change effects. A demonstration of the case of Intergovernmental Authority for Development IGAD found in the Horn of Africa is made to exemplify how climate change would shift from being a retarding to being a facilitating factor to integration in Africa. Lastly Recommendations to assist vulnerable populations to climate change effects with the specific focus on conflict and migration are made to reform future aggravation of climate effects on the African population for unity and integration.
Keywords; Climate change; Integration, African Unity.
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