Umar Kabanda, MORAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH EDUCATION AND ITS ROLE IN SHAPING EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE ACROSS AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF UGANDA, ASIO Journal of Humanities, Management & Social Sciences Invention (ASIO-JHMSSI), 2018, 4(2): 39-51.
ARTICLE TYPE: Research Article
DOI Link :: http://doi-ds.org/doilink/10.2016-14781119/;
As Africans grapple with consequences of non-existence of ethical professionalism in governance, appropriate historical and social contexts that shape Africans psychological socialization at individual level have continued to be undermined. As opposed to contemporary ethics in modernized formal education inclined to individualism, it has continued to lacks the cultural character of Africans psychological makeup as a communitarian society provided in the informal education. Furthermore, there has been an increase of colonial moral values domination and erosion of the African psychological learning modules from the informal setup by the current contemporary formal learning setup through schools. This has also sparked off the contradictions of values trapped up in both western and African moral interactions among the wider African intellectual class in responsible leadership and governance positions across government and business. To generate a comprehensive understanding of the misconceptions between both the formal and informal education, the case of Uganda will be presented to demonstrate the missing link of formal education towards providing morally upright professionals for effective operations within governance structures. To achieve the intensions of this paper, a qualitative research methodology will be used. Secondary sources of data including online articles and books will be the source of data. Content analysis will be used to analyse the data? This will be done in the paper provide a scientific justification of the psychological, ethical and managerial dimensions as per the context of the study area of Uganda. This all above will be done to explain how the distortion of learning would disorient the psychological makeup of Ugandans from acquiring ethics from only formal education despite a continuous disconnection of African ways of life presented in the informal type of education.
Key words: Governance, Morals, Education.
- Ayittey, George (2002), “Bitting Their Own Tails: African Leaders and the Internalist Intricacies of the Rape of a Continent,” A Keynote Address at the International Conference of the Society of Research on African Cultures (SORAC), November 7-9, 2002, New Jersey. Retrieved from http://www.sorac.net/site/2002/11/sorac-2002-keynote-speakers-ali-mazrui-george-ayittey, 28 June, 2017.
- Ayittey, George, (2012). “Defeating Dictators,” Speech given at the Oslo Freedom Forum, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.oslofreedomforum.com/speakers/george_ayittey.html on June 24, 2017.
- Bongyu, G. M, (June 2014). ‘Lecture Notes on Principles and Theories of Governance’, Pan African University, Soa-Yaounde.
- Calderisi, Robert (2006). The Trouble with Africa: Why Foreign Aid Isn’t Working, New York: Palgrave Macmillan
- Collins English Dictionary, (2003). Complete and Unabridged, HarperCollins Publishers Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/African on June 25 2017
- Crandall. M, (Spring, 2006). Lecture notes on ‘Ethics and Culture’, Module 2, LIS 580, at the Information School of the University of Washington
- Spenser. H, (1913). Webster’s Dictionary. Retrieved http://www.webster-dictionary.org/definition/education on June 23 2017.
- Hanson, M. E. (1998). Strategies of educational decentralization: Key questions and core issues. Journal of Educational Administration, 36 (2), 111-128.
- Harris, J. R., (1995). Where Is the Child's Environment? A Group Socialization Theory of Development. Psychological Review, Vol. 102, No. 3,458-489.
- Retrieved from http://www.giga-hamburg.de/content/publikationen/pdf/wp31_steiner.pdf. Summary at http://www.education.go.ug/strategicPlan.htm on 23 June 2017.
- Jones R. G. & George M. J. (2009). Contemporary Management: Ethics and Social Responsibility. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc
- Joseph Njino (2007). Guide to ethics. Zapj Chancery Research Consults and publishers ISBN9966
- Kinni .F.K., (2007). Redefining Cultural Heritage, Museuology and Cultural Tourism in Cameroon and Africa, Oracle Publishers-Makurdi, Nigeria
- Kirkness, V. J, (1998). Our Peoples? Education, Cut the shackles; Cut the crap; Cut the mustard. Canadian journal of Native Education, 22(1), 10-15
- Kruithof, B., S., (1993): Education and Modernization: The European experience, Network educational science, Amsterdam
- Linda K. Trevino K. L, (2005), ‘Ethical Leadership: Creating an Ethical Culture’, Smeal College of Business, the Pennsylvania State University.
- Mahmood, Z. & Basharat, M, (2012). Review of Classical Management Theories, International Journal of Social Sciences and Education: ISSN: 2223-4934, Volume: 2 Issue: 1 January 2012. Hazara University.
- Margolis, E. (ed.) (2001): The Hidden Curriculum in Higher Education, London, Routledge
- Menkiti, Ifeanyi A., (1984). Person and Community in African Traditional Thought, in Richard A. Wright (ed.), African Philosophy: An Introduction, 3rd edition, Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
- Mushemeza, D. E. (2003). Financial Management of Education in a Decentralized Setting: The Case of Uganda. A paper prepared for CODESRIA – Working Group on Finance and Education (WGFE).
- Naidoo, J. P. (2002, March). Education decentralization in sub-Saharan Africa—espoused
- Nsamenang. B., (2007). Professionalism and ethics, a generative curriculum, Gospel press Bamenda of Central Florida. ED472263
- Keohane. R. O., (2000), Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, Little Brown and Company; Longman,
- Rowe, D. C. (1994): The limits of family influence: Genes, experience, and behaviour. New York: Guilford Press.
- Sarker, S.I, & Khan, M.A, (2013). Classical and Neo-classical approaches of management. An overview-ISSN: 2278-487X, p: 2319-7668. Volume 14, Issue 6 (Nov. -Dec. 2013), PP 01-05.
- Jain, A. K. (2001), “Corruption: A Review,” Journal of Economic Survey, Theories and theories in use. Presented at CIES Annual Conference, University. 15(1): 71-121.
- Shizha & Edward, (2005). Reclaiming our Memories: The Education Dilemma in Postcolonial African School Curricula. In: Ali, A. & Cleghorn, (2005). Issues in African Education: Sociological perspective, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
- Steiner, S., (2006). Decentralization in Uganda: Exploring the Constraints for Poverty Reduction. Working papers of GIGA Research Programme: Transformation in the Process of Globalization. Working papers of GIGA, N° 31, November. Retrieved April 28, 2007, from
- The Foreign and Commonwealth Office Retrieved from http://www.fco.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1070037618836 on June 24 2017
- Whittington D. & Dewar T, (2009). Measuring Corporate Culture, Calliope Learning, Suite 151, 1581H Hillside Ave, Victoria, pp.250-213.