N. Sanchita, The Revolt of 1857: An Impact & Upheaval Against The British Rule, ASIO Journal of Humanities, Management & Social Sciences Invention (ASIO-JHMSSI), 2015, 1(1): 15-17.
ARTICLE TYPE: REVIEW
dids/doi No.: 12.2015-81145222
Dids Link : http://dids.info/didslink/12.2015-53137723/
Since 1803, the Mughal emperors had been living under the British protection. His claims to honour and precedence were recognized. The two laws of 1832 and 1850, removing disabilities due to change of religion, particularly conferring the right of inheritance to change of religion, particularly conferring the right of inheritance to Christian converts, were quite unpopular among the Hindus. The economic policies of the British were the primary reason for the Revolt. The British economic policy destroyed the traditional economic fabric of country. There was a strong movement grew in England to spread Christianity in India and convert its Hindus and Muslims subjects to that faith. By the Charter Act of 1813, Christian missionaries were permitted to enter the Company's territories in India to propagate their religion and spread Western education. The Rebellion of 1857 (also known as the Indian Mutiny) was a watershed event in the history of British India. It was by far the largest, most widespread, and dangerous threat to British rule in India in the nineteenth century. Under the new administrative dispensation all higher posts were reserved for Englishmen. During Lord Cornwallis’ tenure he tried to ensure that all positions of authority were out of bounds for the Indians. The Indian middle and upper class, who served the native rulers, were the worst affected. The Ramoshi uprising, revolt of Sawantwadi and some sepoy's mutinies also challenged the British Government. But the big challenge, the British sustained was in the year 1857. There were several causes responsible for the Revolt of 1857. They were political, administrative, economic, socio-religious and military causes. The greased cartridges of the Enfield rifle became the immediate cause. The Revolt broke due to the incident of Mangal Pandey The Revolt spread throughout North India.
Keywords: Revolt, Mughal emperors, British economic policy, Indian Mutiny
Laura Peters has also noted the early criticisms of the East India Company administrators in " ‘Double-dyed Traitors and Infernal Villains’: Illustrated London News, Household Words, Charles Dickens and the Indian Rebellion," in David Finklestein and Douglas Peers, eds. Negotiating India in the Nineteenth-Century Media (London: MacMillan 2000), 113.
Aberdeen Herald and General Advertiser, Saturday, August 22, 1857, p. 3.
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Patrick Brantlinger, Rule of Darkness, 202.
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